A recent study published in the July 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association concludes that infants who consume infant formula have a higher risk of developing enamel fluorosis in their permanent teeth. Mild fluorosis can appear as white spots on the teeth while more severe fluorosis appears as discoloration or pitting of the teeth. Fluorosis is caused by ingesting higher than the recommended levels of fluoride.
The fluoride in infant formula may come from the industrial processes used in preparation of the formula or by the fluoride levels in the water used to reconstitute the liquid or powder formula. Breast milk has a fluoride concentration of about .02 parts per million (ppm) but fluoride concentration in formula can range from .03 to .34 ppm. Most public health organizations recommend breast-feeding, if possible, as the healthier choice for a variety of reasons.
For more information about children visit children’s dentistry.